Part 1, Note 33

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The Austin Papers, vol. 1, pp. 825-828; Campbell, An Empire for Slavery, pp. 16-17. Though the petition declared that the slaves were not Africans, they certainly were black; that is, they were the descendants of Africans. The phrase was included to distinguish slaves who had been born in the Americas from those more recently arrived slaves who had been born and captured in Africa.