Part 7, Note 11

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Colorado County Deed Records, Book M, pp. 503, 598; Colorado County Bond and Mortgage Records, Book F, p. 231; Letters of John H. Crisp, March 15, 1868, March 19, 1868, December 17, 1870, all in Reconstruction Documents Collection (Ms. 70), Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus. The impulse to flee the country was common, even if the means to do so were not. In March 1867, George Millan McCormick, a Confederate veteran, wrote his brother, "the Rads are hard at work on us wish I had money would leave this Yankee cursed county" (see Letter of George M. McCormick March 22, 1867, Draper/McCormick Papers (Ms. 6), Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus). Crisp's letters mention five other Texans who settled in Brazil: Peter Hardeman, A. Thomas Oliver, John Perkins, J. H. White, and T. B. White. Because his family did not like living in Brazil, Hicks moved back to the United States, though not to Colorado County, in the 1870s. In 1880, he was living in Tennessee. His youngest living child, a ten-year-old daughter named Trula, had been born in Brazil (see Tenth Census of the United States (1880) Schedule 1, Sullivan County, Tennessee). Oliver was killed by his slaves, apparently in 1873. Waddell lived in Brazil for nine years, then returned to Colorado County. Crisp remained in Brazil for the rest of his life. He died there on July 7, 1888, a little less than two months after the May 13, 1888 law which abolished slavery in Brazil (see Letter of John H. Crisp, October 12, 1874, Reconstruction Documents Collection (Ms. 70), Archives of the Nesbitt Memorial Library, Columbus; Eagle Lake Headlight, June 6, 1908; Colorado Citizen, October 18, 1888; Robert Edgar Conrad, ed., Children of God's Fire: A Documentary History of Black Slavery in Brazil (Princeton University Press, 1984. Reprint. University Park, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1994), pp. 480-481).